According to Lindey (1974), plagiarism is the intentional act of appropriating another author’s literary work, ideas, excerpts, expressions, or other forms of writing. The author presents them as his original work. When a writer uses many words from a printed source or online material without using quotation marks and a clear reference to the source of information, this is considered academic plagiarism. Frequently, the author presents the same work as his or her research or writing (Lindey, 1974).
Forms of Plagiarism
Plagiarism can be classified into six types, according to Mawdsley (1985). Straight plagiarism, plagiarism with quotations, simple and complex plagiarism using comments at the bottom of the page, plagiarism with hanging quotations, and paraphrasing as plagiarism are all examples of plagiarism.
When only capitalization and sentence structures are changed to add or delete some words, this is referred to as straight plagiarism. The author neither uses quotation marks nor acknowledges the original author.
When an author acknowledges the original author of an academic book or manuscript through citation or quotation, this is considered plagiarism. The author uses quotation marks and page references to the source to reproduce the original work with few changes. In this case, the plagiarist may use exaggerated descriptions of another author’s work before reproducing it. Because of the flattering descriptions used, the author hopes to persuade the readers or recipient.
Simple plagiarism with a footnote occurs when an author modifies a few words so that the writing appears to be different from the original work. The author provides the excerpt reference without using quotation marks. It includes flattering the leader or the recipient with titles or insights. This type is difficult to identify…