In this assignment, you will be analyzing simple program logic, the structure of a modular program, creating hierarchy charts, and feature of good program design. Instructions: Part I. • Research: o Early programming using low-level machine languages. Explain what these languages looked like and what types of problems were encountered when using them. o Object-oriented programming techniques. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of using object-oriented techniques. Part II. 1. Create either pseudocode or a flowchart for a program that does the following: a) Prompt the user to enter a sales tax rate. b) Prompt the user to enter a price. c) Calculate and output the amount of tax for the item and the total price with tax. 2. Create either pseudocode or a flowchart for a program that does the following: a) Prompt the user to enter two times of day in HH:MM format, and then calculate and print the difference between those two times in minutes. 3. Create either pseudocode or a flowchart for a program that does the following: a) Prompt the user to enter his or her birthdate: year, month, and day. b) Calculate the number of days old the user is. (You can decide to include or ignore leap years.) c) Modify the program to include the number of hours old the user is. d) Modify the program to include the number of minutes old the user is. e) Modify the program to include the number of seconds old the user is. Requirements: • Show your work in a Word document. o Include all your work for each question. CIS216 – Programming Principles Computers and Programming Copyright 2022 Post University, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED o You can include screenshots of work done on paper. • For all justification exercises, remember to use the definitions and principles that we have learned thus far. • You must prepare a written work where you respond to the programming exercises. The work must comply with APA academic writing standards. You must support your answer using appropriate sources that are properly cited. • Minimum four pages in length, excluding the Title and Reference page. • APA format, including an in-text citation for referenced works. • At least three resources.