In many democracies worldwide, electing women to positions of power has not yet received the necessary attention. To make this work, Americans have established numerous factors crucial for the growth of women’s rights movements, prompting diverse concerns worldwide. After the 1980s feminist movements and the subsequent developments, it was obvious that something needed to happen globally. In the past 40 years, women have been very outspoken in their quest for political equality, and because of this, they have acquired a variety of political symbolism. It is seen in the rise in elected female officials worldwide and the tasks that have been assigned to them. Chile and Argentina share many parallels and distinctions, particularly when discussing women’s chosen roles since the feminism waves started. To determine the degree of democratic maturity gained in Argentina and Chile over the past forty years, it will be helpful to understand the role of the political process in the election of women to high office in both countries.
Feminism and the Fight for Women’s Rights
At the end of the 19th century, when Europeans began migrating to Latin America, the feminist movement was born. New ideas were introduced to Latin America through immigration, and these ideas at the time had a significant impact on the region’s women. Latin American women began to fight for their rights, particularly in relation to social and political issues. The rise of feminism inspired women to support the developing democracy as a strong foundation for their beliefs (Lavrin 1997, 36). A moment had come when women actively fought for their rights, including their representation in government, as opposed to the past when they understood their place to be in the home based on social systems that assigned gender roles…