There is a lot of child labor in developing nations. Children work in a variety of economic sectors in third-world countries. Poor pay, lengthy workdays, and a disregard for workplace safety and health regulations are common characteristics of the practice of child labor. However, most customers are unhappy about the connection between market-available goods and designs and child labor. Many designer brands, particularly those in the clothing and apparel industry, have connections to child labor in their early stages of product production and packaging (da Silva Lopes 2016). Despite efforts to stop child labor, consumer preferences for goods with these connections support those who exploit children in the long term.
Most export processing zones (EPZ) in developing and underdeveloped nations are rife with child labor. In its fiftieth session, the UN general assembly passed resolution No. 50/153, which sought to protect children’s rights from economic exploitation, dangerous working conditions, and other things that could harm their development (Khakshour et al. 2015, p. 460). According to Parton (2014), the UN is in charge of enforcing laws against governments. To accomplish the stated goals, the nations should facilitate the process of developing legislative and policy frameworks (Olivetti & Petrongolo 2017). According to UN standards, nations have created progressive systems that shield kids from commercial exploitation. However, several developing countries struggle to implement policies, particularly in the manufacturing sector.
A 2015 report titled “Cotton’s Forgotten Children” details the plight of 500,000 Indian children who are victims of economic exploitation. According to the report, child labor is a widespread problem in India’s clothing industry, permeating every step of the cotton value chain. Notably, most affected kids come from low-caste Dalit and Adivasi families, and more girls than boys have been seen working on cottonseed farms. According to Dash, Prashad, and Dutta (2018), children who work in Indian cotton fields make less than 75 cents daily and spend more than twelve hours each day in the sweltering heat…