Application of Psychological Evaluation in the Criminal Process


An arrest is typically the first step in a criminal case. The case can proceed to prosecution and sentencing depending on how the trial goes. Suspects have rights at every stage of the legal process. On the other hand, if a suspect has already committed a crime, police may inspect them without detaining them. However, a suspect has the right to remain quiet until the arrival of their lawyer. A suspect is brought before a court to make a plea within a set deadline if legitimate causes for the trial are established. Psychologists should support a competence hearing because, in addition to the arrest, arraignment, pretrial, and trial phases of criminal procedures, inadequate mental evaluations may have a detrimental effect on the result of a case and may not reflect fairness in the pursuit of justice.

The Arrest Procedure

Police must inform the suspect of his or her constitutional rights, such as the right to remain silent and the right to counsel, after an arrest. The right to speak to friends, relatives, or legal counsel is given to suspects. Tim Bronson attended a break-in call, recognized the culprit based on the characteristics given, and apprehended him. The time between an offender’s arrest and charge or release is constrained. A lawyer may urge a judge to release a suspect if they have been held for a long time (Thompson Reuters, n.d.-c). Therefore, depending on the preliminary evidence, it is up to the authorities to decide whether to press charges against a suspect.

A criminal is held in custody after being captured. Carlos Davidson, the suspect, was taken into custody for violating the burglary laws. Name, address, date of birth, fingerprints, and photographs were among the pieces of personal data gathered during the procedure. Additionally, a sample of the suspect’s handwriting is typically recorded (Thompson Reuters, n.d.-c). To obtain more evidence, the arresting officer must now record any relevant details and examine the suspect’s criminal history…

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